Optically Addressing Exciton Spin and Pseudospin in Nanomaterials for Spintronics Applications

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Oriented exciton spins that can be generated and manipulated optically are of interest for a range of applications, including spintronics, quantum information science, and neuromorphic computing architectures. Although materials that host such excitons often lack practical coherence times for use on their own, strategic transduction of the magnetic information across interfaces can combine fast modulation with longer-term storage and readout. Several nanostructure systems have been put forward due to their interesting magneto-optical properties and their possible manipulation using circularly polarized light. These material systems are presented here, namely two-dimensional (2D) systems due to the unique spin-valley coupling properties and quantum dots for their exciton fine structure. 2D magnets are also discussed for their anisotropic spin behavior and extensive 2D magnetic states that are not yet fully understood but could pave the way for emergent techniques of magnetic control. This review also details the experimental and theoretical tools to measure and understand these systems along with a discussion on the progress of optical manipulation of spins and magnetic order transitions.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1742-1760
Number of pages19
JournalACS Applied Optical Materials
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-87357


  • 2D magnets
  • 2D materials
  • coherence
  • exciton
  • spin-polarization
  • spin-valley
  • ultrafast


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