Optimal Hybrid Power Plants for Electric Vehicle Charging Demand: Article No. 082015

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Transmission constraints, increasing motivations to decarbonize, and concerns over peak electric vehicle (EV) load impacts on local grids have driven electric customers to consider behind-the-meter, hybrid power plant generation and storage at the distributed-grid level for EV charging. In this study, we develop capabilities to optimize hybrid power plant component capacities for EV charging. We then demonstrate these capabilities in a case study for Boulder, Colorado, using public EV charging data as well as wind and solar resource data. Our results show system designs that balance the cost of energy with load-meeting and peak shaving performance. Within the case study, systems designed for wind, solar photovoltaic (PV), and storage resulted in lower cost of energy than those optimized for PV and storage only. This indicates that in areas where wind resource exists, hybrid power plants that include wind, PV, and battery assets can better meet EV charging loads (including peak loads that are prone to overloading local grids) than PV and battery assets alone. Future work to address limitations in this paper include extending cost modeling to include performance losses (e.g., based on operations or weather) and charging station costs to estimate levelized cost of charging, and quantifying uncertainty and error in our aggregation methods for estimating EV charging loads at the hourly timescale.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-89289


  • distributed wind
  • electric vehicles
  • hybrid power plants
  • optimization
  • peak load shedding
  • solar photovoltaic


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