Orientational Order in Spin-Cast Lead-Iodide Perovskite Nanocrystal Solids

Julian Vigil, Brian Wieliczka, Bryon Larson, Maged Abdelsamie, Nikita Dutta, Md Azimul Haque, Abhijit Hazarika, Joseph Luther, Michael Toney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Combined synthetic control over size and composition renders colloidal lead-halide perovskite nanocrystals a tunable platform for high-efficiency optoelectronic applications. However, the properties and operational stability of devices based on nanocrystal solids are often dictated by the method of the evaporation-induced assembly. Ubiquitous slow evaporation techniques can produce highly ordered nanocrystal domains but limit the prospects for scalable fabrication of continuous device layers, calling for investigation of approaches to more rapidly form ordered perovskite nanocrystal solids. Here, we study orientationally ordered lead-iodide perovskite nanocrystal solids prepared by conventional spin coating with molecular additives (excess ligand) to enhance ordering within the arrays. In situ X-ray scattering measurements reveal that orientational ordering occurs rapidly upon solvent removal during spin coating and can be further enhanced by manipulating the spin speed. We vary the additive ligand length and explore trade-offs between ordering and layered perovskite impurity formation. Arrays treated with the intermediate-length octylamine ligand exhibit increased in-plane electronic conductivity, suggesting orientational ordering and internanocrystal electronic coupling can be enhanced by the treatment. These results highlight the prospects of establishing long-range order in lead-halide perovskite nanocrystal solids by using simple and fast coating methods.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)9924-9934
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume35
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-84588

Keywords

  • conductivity
  • nanocrystals
  • orientation
  • perovskite
  • processing
  • structure
  • X-ray scattering

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