Origin of the Structural Diversity of M2O3 (M=Al, Ga, In)

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Abstract

Oxide materials have many unique physical properties, including structural diversity. For example, isovalent Al2O3, Ga2O3, and In2O3 are all important materials for technological applications. Although they have the same chemical composition, their crystal structures are all different. Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the structural stability of these oxides. We show that thestructural diversity in oxides is due to a subtle balance between the Coulomb energy and the covalent binding energy in these materials. We find that the observed structural stability trends can be explained by the size of the cation atom and the energies of the cation valence electrons.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)35-39
Number of pages5
JournalComputational Materials Science
Volume104
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-57495

Keywords

  • crystal structures
  • group-IIIA metal oxides

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