Outlook and Challenges for Hydrogen Storage in Nanoporous Materials

Katherine Hurst, Philip Parilla, Thomas Gennett, D. Broom, C. Webb, C. Brown, R. Zacharia, E. Tylianakis, E. Klontzas, G. Froudakis, Th. Steriotis, P. Trikalitis, D. Anton, B. Hardy, D. Tamburello, C. Corgnale, B. van Hassel, D. Cossement, R. Chahine, M. Hirscher

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131 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Considerable progress has been made recently in the use of nanoporous materials for hydrogen storage. In this article, the current status of the field and future challenges are discussed, ranging from important open fundamental questions, such as the density and volume of the adsorbed phase and its relationship to overall storage capacity, to the development of new functional materials and complete storage system design. With regard to fundamentals, the use of neutron scattering to study adsorbed H2, suitable adsorption isotherm equations, and the accurate computational modelling and simulation of H2 adsorption are discussed. The new materials covered include flexible metal–organic frameworks, core–shell materials, and porous organic cage compounds. The article concludes with a discussion of the experimental investigation of real adsorptive hydrogen storage tanks, the improvement in the thermal conductivity of storage beds, and new storage system concepts and designs.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number151
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalApplied Physics A Solids and Surfaces
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, The Author(s).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-66152

Keywords

  • core-shell materials
  • flexible metal-organic frameworks
  • hydrogen storage
  • nanoporous materials
  • porous organic cage compounds

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