Overcoming Degradation Mechanisms in CdTe Solar Cells: First Annual Report, August 1998--August 1999

Research output: NRELSubcontract Report

Abstract

We have studied the importance of chemical processes for the stability of CdTe solar cells, in particular, diffusion in the ohmic contact/absorber junction regions. Both whole cells and test systems containing only the ohmic contact and the absorber are used. We found several experimental methods to be useable tools to follow the effects of impurity diffusion on the CdTe grain boundaries, grainbulk, and surface. In addition, we have explored alternative contacting schemes.; Our first year of activities led to the following tentative conclusions:; ? Grain boundaries in CdTe/CdS cells are NOT fully passivated and are expected to be electrically active. ; ? There appears to be fast ionic diffusion in the vicinity of the Cu/HgTe/graphite back-contact, possibly enhanced by grain boundarydiffusion. ; ? The macroscopic response to stress is different for cells with identical back-contact, but from different manufacturers. Different factors and/or different reactions to identical factors are possibly at work here.; Ni-P appears to be a promising back-contact material.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages24
StatePublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

Work performed by Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/SR-520-27932

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