Overview of the U.S. DOE Hydrogen Safety, Codes and Standards Program. Part 4: Hydrogen Sensors; Preprint

William Buttner, Eric Brosha, Rangachary Mukundan, C. James, Jay Keller, Carl Rivkin, Robert Burgess

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Hydrogen sensors are recognized as a critical element in the safety design for any hydrogen system. In this role, sensors can perform several important functions including indication of unintended hydrogen releases, activation of mitigation strategies to preclude the development of dangerous situations, activation of alarm systems and communication to first responders, and to initiate system shutdown. The functionality of hydrogen sensors in this capacity is decoupled from the system being monitored, thereby providing an independent safety component that is not affected by the system itself. The importance of hydrogen sensors has been recognized by DOE and by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office's Safety and Codes Standards (SCS) program in particular, which has for several years supported hydrogen safety sensor research and development. The SCS hydrogen sensor programs are currently led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The current SCS sensor program encompasses the full range of issues related to safety sensors, including development of advance sensor platforms with exemplary performance, development of sensor-related code and standards, outreach to stakeholders on the role sensors play in facilitating deployment, technology evaluation, and support on the proper selection and use of sensors.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2016
Event6th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS) - Yokohama, Japan
Duration: 19 Oct 201521 Oct 2015


Conference6th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS)
CityYokohama, Japan

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-64076


  • codes and standards
  • fuel cell vehicle
  • global technical regulation
  • hydrogen sensors
  • safety


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