Oxidation of Platinum Nickel Nanowires to Improve Durability of Oxygen-Reducing Electrocatalysts

Bryan Pivovar, Shaun Alia, Kenneth Neyerlin, Svitlana Pylypenko, Arrelaine Dameron, Shyam Kocha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus Citations


The impact of heat treating platinum-coated nickel (Pt-Ni) nanowires in oxygen is examined to determine the effect on oxygen reduction (ORR) activity and durability. Pt-Ni nanowires exhibit promisingORRmass activities (3 times greater than Pt nanoparticles, 1.5 times greater than U.S. Department of Energy target) both before and after potential cycling for all but the highest annealing temperatures explored. The annealing of Pt-Ni nanowires in oxygen with increasing temperature is found to reduce surface area and ORR activity in comparison to the untreated material, but also reduces activity losses following durability testing. Following potential cycling, unannealed Pt-Ni nanowires show significant losses in surface area (23%) and specific activity (18%) while Pt-Ni nanowires annealed at 200°C showmodest increases in surface area (2%) and specific activity (6%) after potential cycling. Increasing annealing temperatures also show a clear trend of decreasing Ni dissolution rates. While oxygen annealing has shown the ability to improve durability of Pt-Ni nanowires, significant Ni dissolution was observed in all samples and suggests oxide passivation while showing promise for improved durability, when employed by itself is insufficient to prevent all contamination concerns involving Ni dissolution.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)F296-F301
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2016.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-63442


  • electrocatalysis
  • galvanic displacement
  • oxygen reduction
  • platinum


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