Pathways for Off-site Corporate PV Procurement

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


Through July 2017, corporate customers contracted for more than 2,300 MW of utility-scale solar. This paper examines the benefits, challenges, and outlooks for large-scale off-site solar purchasing through four pathways: power purchase agreements, retail choice, utility partnerships (green tariffs and bilateral contracts with utilities), and by becoming a licensed wholesale seller of electricity. Each pathway differs based on where in the United States it is available, the value provided to a corporate off-taker, and the ease of implementation. The paper concludes with a discussion of future pathway comparison, noting that to deploy more corporate off-site solar, new procurement pathways are needed.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-6A20-69081


  • corporate purchasing
  • green tariff
  • Power Purchase Agreement
  • retail choice
  • soft costs
  • solar
  • utility-scale
  • voluntary market
  • wholesale supplier


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