Penetration of Deposited Ag and Cu Overlayers Through Alkanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold

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    The purpose of our research is to study the reactions, interactions, or penetration between vacuum deposited metals (M) and the organic functional end groups (OFGs) of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on Au Films under controlled conditions. Metal/SAM/Au systems are models for understanding bonding at M/organic interfaces and the concomitant adhesion between the different materials. In broadterms, the M/OFGs form interacting inferfaces (e.g., Cr/COOH or Cu/COOH) in which the deposit resides on top of the OFGs or weakly interacting interfaces through which the overlayer penetrates and resides at the SAM/gold interface. We present a review of XPS results from weakly interacting systems (Cu/CH2OH,CU/CN,Ag/CH3,Ag/COOH) and discuss in more depth the time-temperature dependence of thedisappearance of the metal from the M/SAM interface following deposition using ISS on the Ag/CH3 and Ag/COOH systems. XPS and ISS were used to characterize five alkanethiols terminated with CH3,COOH (C-11 and C-16 chain lengths), CN and CH2OH before and after depositing up to 1.0nm Ag or Cu at ca.10-7 torr. XPS spectra indicate that no strong interaction occurs between the deposited Ag and theCOOH organic functional group, although a stronger interaction is evident on a C-16 COOH, and a unidentate is formed for Cu on the CH2OH. An interaction between Cu and CN is evident, and penetration into the SAM occurs to a greater extent than for Cu on CH2OH. The Ag interaction with CH3 is weak. ISS compositional depth profiles for Ag on COOH and CH3, taken from 113 to 293 K, indicate that Agremains on the surface of the C-11 COOH for up to 1 h after deposition, whereas Ag penetrates CH3 in less than 5 min at 295K. The time for Ag to penetrate into a C-16 COOH is several times longer than for the C-11 COOH and depends on the SAM temperature.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)197-222
    Number of pages26
    JournalJournal of Adhesion
    StatePublished - 1997

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/JA-412-20127


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