Performance Analyses of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide-Based Parabolic Trough Collectors with Double-Glazed Receivers: Article No. 118884

Muhammed Hassan, Aya Fouad, Khaled Dessoki, Loiy Al-Ghussain, Ahmed Hamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Supercritical carbon dioxide is becoming a hot research topic as a potential heat transfer fluid in parabolic trough concentrators since it enables operating the solar system at high temperatures for a higher quality of energy. However, the corresponding inflated thermal losses necessitate alternative receiver designs. This work examines four double-glazed receivers, with each annular space being evacuated or non-evacuated, in terms of the absorber tube's diameter (53-80 mm) and the diameter ratios of the two glass shells (1.2-2.0). An analytical model is developed and validated for this purpose, and the four designs are further examined using ground-level solar and meteorological measurements. The results demonstrate higher performance in the case of fully evacuating the receiver and using the smallest possible diameters of the three concentric cylinders, where the energy and exergy efficiencies reach 65.3 and 40.3%, respectively. Yet, evacuating only the inner annular space is sufficient to achieve virtually the same performance level. This energy efficiency decreases to 62% in case of increasing the tube diameter to 80 mm. As the operating temperature increases from 423 to 850 K, the specific thermal losses increase by 3.98-4.34 folds, depending on the receiver design. Double glazing the receivers is favorable only at high operating temperatures of sCO2, where the reduction in thermal losses overcomes the drop in optical efficiency. For an inlet sCO2 temperature of 850 K, thermal losses are reduced by 33.64 and 53.92%, compared to evacuated and non-evacuated single-glazed receivers, respectively. Throughout the year, the fully evacuated and fully non-evacuated double-glazed receivers have energy efficiencies of 54.96 and 52.39%, exergy efficiencies of 33.64 and 32.06%, and thermal losses of 348.8 and 402.5 W/m, respectively.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages17
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume215
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5700-86965

Keywords

  • analytical model
  • annular pressure
  • double glass shell
  • parabolic trough collector
  • solar receiver
  • supercritical CO2

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