Performance Response of Packed-Bed Thermal Storage to Cycle Duration Perturbations

Joshua Dominic McTigue, Christos Markides, Alexander White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus Citations


Packed-bed thermal stores are integral components in numerous bulk electricity storage systems and may also be integrated into renewable generation and process heat systems. In such applications, the store may undergo charging and discharging periods of irregular durations. Previous work has typically concentrated on the initial charging cycles, or on steady-state cyclic operation. Understanding the impact of unpredictable charging periods on the storage behavior is necessary to improve design and operation. In this article, the influence of the cycle duration (or 'partial-charge' cycles) on the performance of such thermal stores is investigated. The response to perturbations is explained and provides a framework for understanding the response to realistic load cycles.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)379-392
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-71189


  • exergy analysis
  • heat transfer
  • packed bed
  • thermal energy storage
  • thermocline


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