Permeability of Single-Layer-Free-Standing Meshes at Varying Capillary Pressure via a Novel Method

Muhammad Shattique, Roman Giglio, Ercan Dede, Sreekant Narumanchi, Mehdi Ashegi, Kenneth Goodson, James Palko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus Citations


The permeability of mesh wicks is important for various applications, including two-phase heat transfer. However, the understanding of the permeability of single-layer, free-standing mesh wicks, with liquid–gas interfaces on both sides, is limited. A novel and simpler method is presented to determine the permeability of a free-standing wick and apply it to a representative mesh. This method involves modifying the capillary pressure via elevation and simultaneously measuring the permeability to determine the permeability-capillary pressure relationship. When applied to a copper mesh with plain weave having undergone surface cleaning, the permeability is found to decrease as capillary pressure for deionized water increases. A dimensional analysis is presented to generalize this data for other mesh sizes with similar weaves and fluids. The behavior of mesh in application is modeled, based on the integration of Darcy's law with an analytic function fit to measured data, and parametric studies are conducted to investigate the superficial velocity of liquids through the mesh under varying driving pressures, transport lengths, and liquid viscosity, based on the obtained capillary pressure–permeability relationship. This study provides valuable insights into the transport properties of mesh wicks, with potential applications in fields such as electronics cooling, electrochemical devices, and fluid purification technologies.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2300326
Number of pages12
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number30
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Materials Interfaces published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-85709


  • Darcy's law
  • dimensional analysis
  • free standing mesh
  • maximum capillary pressure
  • permeability measurement
  • porous media


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