Perovskite Quantum Dot Solar Cells: Mapping Interfacial Energetics for Improving Charge Separation: Article No. 105319

Chuanxiao Xiao, Qian Zhao, Chun-Sheng Jiang, Yinong Sun, Mowafak Al-Jassim, Sanjini Nanayakkara, Joseph Luther

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Colloidal halide perovskite nanocrystals or quantum dots (QDs) show similar defect tolerance as thin film perovskite materials with added nanoscale phenomena. Perovskite QD solar cells have demonstrated efficiencies of 16.6%, greater than that of any other QD material system. While the efficiency lags behind the best thin-film perovskite devices, these solar cells could have advantages over the thin-film versions in terms of processability, phase stability, and high open-circuit voltages. However, some operating principles behind perovskite quantum dot device stacks and the associated electric field properties are still unknown. Here, we characterize the junction structure within perovskite QD solar cells, by exposing functioning cross-sections and using nanometer-scale Kelvin probe force microscopy to offer insight into the selection and performance of charge selective contacts. We also evaluated various solar cell device architectures with different selective contacts to isolate the role of each junction in device performance. We show that in high-performance n-i-p architectures, both electron- and hole-transport layer (HTL) interfaces possess a strong electric field, but in the case of the inverted p-i-n architecture, we find that high interfacial recombination at the HTL/QD junction is responsible for subpar device performance. Perovskite QD and thin film materials can synergistically be combined to offer more design flexibility in PV devices, and here we demonstrate that the interface between perovskite thin films and QDs are relatively benign and amenable for synergistic device design.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number105319
Number of pages11
JournalNano Energy
Volume78
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-77992

Keywords

  • Charge selective contacts
  • Junction structure
  • Kelvin probe force microscopy
  • Perovskite quantum dot
  • Solar cell

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