Photovoltaics and Firefighters' Operations: Best Practices in Selected Countries: IEA PVPS Task 12: PV Sustainability

Shohei Namikawa, Geoffrey Kinsey, Garvin Heath, Andreas Wade, Parikhit Sinha, Keiichi Komoto

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Components of photovoltaic (PV) systems undergo rigorous safety and reliability testing protocols during manufacturing and fulfill the electrical safety requirements established by various codes and standards. These systems do not pose health, safety, or environmental risks under normal operating conditions if properly installed and maintained by trained personnel as required by electrical codes. However, with the ever-growing deployment of PV systems globally and the myriad of applications - from traditional rooftop and ground-mounted installations to more advanced building-integrated and facade systems - it is becoming increasingly important to develop practices and share knowledge on the safe management and risk mitigation of PV systems under non-routine circumstances. This focus includes conditions in which firefighters encounter a PV system that may have been installed improperly or has become damaged. This report aims to facilitate the exchange of knowledge on the best practices and standards of firefighters' operations in relation to selected countries with considerable deployment of PV systems.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages37
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

NREL's Garvin Heath is a task manager of IEA PVPS Task 12

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-68415

Other Report Number

  • Report IEA-PVPS T12-09:2017


  • fire safety
  • photovoltaic
  • PV systems


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