Pilot Testing of Commercial Refrigeration-Based Demand Response

Adam Hirsch, Michael Deru, Jordan Clark, Daniel Studer, Thien-Kim Trenbath, Ian Doebber

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Supermarkets potentially offer a substantial demand response (DR) resource because of their high energy intensity and use patterns. This report describes a pilot project conducted to better estimate supermarket DR potential. Previous work has analyzed supermarket DR using heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting, and anti-condensate heaters. This project was concerned with evaluating DR using the refrigeration system and quantifying the DR potential inherent in supermarket refrigeration systems. Ancillary aims of the project were to identify practical barriers to the implementation of DR programs in supermarkets and to determine which high-level control strategies were most appropriate for achieving certain DR objectives. The scope of this project does not include detailed control strategy development for DR or development of a strategy for regional implementation of DR in supermarkets.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages72
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Produced under direction of the Bonneville Power Administration by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Interagency Agreement IAG-14-1921 and Task No WFGA.1000.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5500-65009


  • Bonneville Power Administration
  • BPA
  • demand response
  • DR
  • refrigeration
  • supermarkets


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