Planning for Failure: End-of-Life Strategies for HVAC Systems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the United States, there are several existing and pending regulations for refrigerant management, and the range and complexity of these regulations make it difficult for engineers, contractors, and building owners to keep up with all the requirements, and they introduce confusion and uncertainty in the market. This article explores these issues to help describe a path forward for HVAC&R equipment waste.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)28-36
Number of pages9
JournalASHRAE Journal
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2019

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-72263


  • carbon dioxide equivalent
  • commercial
  • end of life
  • heating, ventilating, and air conditioning
  • heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration
  • HVAC
  • HVAC&R
  • refrigerant
  • residential


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