Platinum Nickel Nanowires as Methanol Oxidation Electrocatalysts

Shaun Alia, Kenneth Neyerlin, Bryan Pivovar, Svitlana Pylypenko, Shyam Kocha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Platinum (Pt) nickel (Ni) nanowires (PtNiNWs) are investigated as methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) catalysts in rotating disk electrode (RDE) half-cells under acidic conditions. Pt-ruthenium (Ru) nanoparticles have long been the state of the art MOR catalyst for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) where Ru provides oxophilic sites, lowering the potential for carbon monoxide oxidation and the MOR onset. Ru, however, is a precious metal that has long term durability concerns. Ni/Ni oxide species offer a potential to replace Ru in MOR electrocatalysis. PtNiNWs were investigated for MOR and oxygen annealing was investigated as a route to improve catalyst performance (mass activity 65% greater) and stability to potential cycling. The results presented show that PtNiNWs offer significant promise in the area, but also result in Ni ion leaching that is a concern requiring further evaluation in fuel cells.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)F1299-F1304
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume162
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2015.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-65338

Keywords

  • direct methanol fuel cells
  • methanol oxidation
  • nanostructures
  • platinum nickel

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