Plug-Load Control and Behavioral Change Research in GSA Office Buildings

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) owns and leases over 354 million square feet (ft2) of space in over 9,600 buildings [1]. GSA is a leader among federal agencies in aggressively pursuing energy efficiency (EE) opportunities for its facilities and installing renewable energy (RE) systems to provide heating, cooling, and power to these facilities. According to several energyassessments of GSA's buildings conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), plug-loads account for approximately 21% of the total electricity consumed within a standard GSA Region 3 office building. This study aims to provide insight on how to effectively manage plug-load energy consumption and attain higher energy and cost savings for plug-loads. As GSA improves the efficiencyof its building stock, plug-loads will become an even greater portion of its energy footprint.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages47
StatePublished - 2012

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-7A40-55780


  • energy assessments
  • General Services Administration (GSA)
  • GSA
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
  • NREL
  • plug loads


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