Polarization and Dielectric Study of Methylammonium Lead Iodide Thin Film to Reveal its Nonferroelectric Nature under Solar Cell Operating Conditions

Kai Zhu, Mengjin Yang, Md Nadim Ferdous Hoque, Nazifah Islam, Xuan Pan, Zhaoyang Fan, Zhen Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Researchers have debated whether methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3), with a perovskite crystal structure, is ferroelectric and therefore contributes to the current-voltage hysteresis commonly observed in hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs). We thoroughly investigated temperature-dependent polarization, dielectric, and impedance spectroscopies, and we found no evidence of ferroelectric effect in a MAPbI3 thin film at normal operating conditions. Therefore, the effect does not contribute to the hysteresis in PSCs, whereas the large component of ionic migration observed may play a critical role. Our temperature-based polarization and dielectric studies find that MAPbI3 exhibits different electrical behaviors below and above ca. 45 °C, suggesting a phase transition around this temperature. In particular, we report the activation energies of ionic migration for the two phases and temperature-dependent permittivity of MAPbI3. This study contributes to the understanding of the material properties and device performance of hybrid perovskites.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Jul 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Chemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-66340

Keywords

  • dielectric
  • impedance spectroscopies
  • methylammonium lead iodide
  • temperature-dependent polarization

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