Polaronic Hole Localization and Multiple Hole Binding of Acceptors in Oxide Wide-Gap Semiconductors

Stephan Lany, Alex Zunger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

352 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Acceptor-bound holes in oxides often localize asymmetrically at one out of several equivalent oxygen ligands. Whereas Hartree-Fock (HF) theory overly favors such symmetry-broken polaronic hole localization in oxides, standard local-density (LD) calculations suffer from spurious delocalization among several oxygen sites. These opposite biases originate from the opposite curvatures of the energy as a function of the fractional occupation number n, i.e., d2 E/d n2 <0 in HF and d2 E/d n2 >0 in LD. We recover the correct linear behavior, d2 E/d n2 =0, that removes the (de)localization bias by formulating a generalized Koopmans condition. The correct description of oxygen hole localization reveals that the cation-site nominal single acceptors in ZnO, In2 O3, and SnO2 can bind multiple holes.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number085202
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume80
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2A0-46299

Keywords

  • basic sciences
  • materials science

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