Policies and Market Factors Driving Wind Power Development in the United States

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24% annually during the past five years. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the policies and market factors that have been drivingutility-scale wind energy development in the United States, particularly in the states that have achieved a substantial amount of wind energy investment in recent years. Although there are federal policies and overarching market issues that are encouraging investment nationally, much of the recent activity has resulted from state-level policies or localized market drivers. In this paper, weidentify the key policies, incentives, regulations, and markets affecting development, and draw lessons from the experience of leading states that may be transferable to other states or regions. We provide detailed discussions of the drivers for wind development in a dozen leading states-California, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, WestVirginia, and Wyoming.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages46
    StatePublished - 2003

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-620-34599


    • American Wind Energy Association
    • analysis
    • AWEA
    • California
    • Colorado
    • green power markets
    • integrated resource planning
    • Iowa
    • Kansas
    • Minnesota
    • New York
    • Oregon
    • Pennsylvania
    • property-tax incentives
    • sales tax incentives
    • state-level drivers
    • system benefits funds
    • Texas
    • Washington
    • West Virginia
    • wind capacity
    • wind energy
    • Wyoming


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