Policies and Programs Available in the United States in Support of Carbon Capture and Utilization

Thomas Foust, Edward Hirsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The article seeks to compile policies and programs that provide revenue and financing support for carbon capture and utilizations projects, which are available in the United States. Often technically minded entrepreneurs and investors new to this space are unaware of available support, which could help successful development of carbon capture and utilization projects.Covered in this article are the 45Q tax credit, green bonds, loan guarantee programs, the regional greenhouse gas initiative, and low carbon fuel standards.1This article covers the eligibility and effect of each policy and program. The article also briefly reviews the current state of technology and summarizes how each technology pathway pairs with the policies covered in the article.The goal of the article is to serve as a primer for lawyers, corporate development professionals, and practitioners, who seek to learn about policies and programs available to support carbon capture and utilization (CCU) projects.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)91-126
Number of pages36
JournalEnergy Law Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5100-76560


  • 45Q tax credits
  • carbon capture
  • green bonds
  • loan guarantee programs
  • low carbon fuel standards
  • regional greenhouse gas initiative
  • utilizations


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