Potential for Large-Scale Deployment of Offshore Wind-to-Hydrogen Systems in the United States: Article No. 062017

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Abstract

This study explores the role of producing low-carbon hydrogen using water electrolysis powered by offshore wind in facilitating the United States' transition to a net-zero emissions economy by 2050. This research introduces an open-source scenario analysis tool for offshore wind-to-hydrogen systems, aiming to assess the impact of technology, regional considerations, and policy incentives on the cost of producing low-carbon hydrogen through offshore wind. Conducting a regional techno-economic analysis at four U.S. coastal sites, the study evaluates two energy transmission configurations and examines associated costs for the years 2025, 2030, and 2035. The results highlight that locations using fixed-bottom technology may achieve cost-competitive water electrolysis hydrogen production by 2030 through leveraging geologic hydrogen storage and federal policy incentives. Furthermore, floating technology locations are expected to see an average 38% reduction in the levelized cost of hydrogen from 2025 to 2035.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume2767
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-88735

Keywords

  • green hydrogen
  • hybrid energy systems
  • Inflation Reduction Act
  • offshore wind energy

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