Power Generation Potential of Biomass Gasification Systems

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


    Biomass has the potential to contribute a significant portion of the electricity consumed in industrialized nations and a major share of the power mix in developing countries. In addition to providing an alternative to fossil-fuel-based energy and creating new markets for agriculture, a renewable resource like biomass used in a sustainable fashion facilitates closure of the carbon cycle. Torealize the benefits, particularly in the shadow of uncertainties cast by deregulation and recent changes in federal energy and agricultural policies, biomass power systems must be competitive with incumbent power-generation technologies in terms of generation efficiency and overall cost. Anticipated performance and cost of biomass-based integrated gasification, combined-cycle power systems arediscussed. The electric power that can be generated worldwide using existing biomass resources (primarily crop residues and wastes) and the potential amount that could be generated from crops grown specifically for electicity generation are projected. Technical and economic obstacles which must be overcome before advanced biomass-power systems based on aeroderivative turbines or fuel cells canbecome fully commercial are identified. Research, development, and demonstration efforts underway or being planned to overcome those obstacles are described; developments in a major biomass gasification demonstration project taking place in Hawaii under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy and the State of Hawaii are detailed.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages6
    StatePublished - 1996
    EventAmerican Power Conference 58th Annual Meeting - Chicago, Illinois
    Duration: 9 Apr 199611 Apr 1996


    ConferenceAmerican Power Conference 58th Annual Meeting
    CityChicago, Illinois

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/CP-23045


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