Power System Operational Impacts of Electric Vehicle Dynamic Wireless Charging: Article No. 123002

A. J. Sauter, Jose Daniel Lara, Jennifer Turk, Jana Milford, Bri-Mathias Hodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

The electrification of the transportation sector poses an opportunity for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from passenger vehicles. Electric vehicle (EV) charging through dynamic wireless power transfer (DWPT), known as roadway electrification, could shift EV demand profiles to better coincide with renewable electricity generation. However, this would be a very large new load and few studies evaluate the regional impacts of DWPT charging in a power transmission system. This paper defines methods that address dataset generation for passenger vehicle trips and models to evaluate regional impacts for this emerging technology. Household vehicle miles traveled (VMT) data form localized EV demand profiles through discrete-event simulation. This data serves as exogenous inputs for a Production Cost Model (PCM) of a synthetic transmission system based on the Electric Reliability Council of Texas's (ERCOT) network. EV charging methods are compared for both a 2018 baseline generation mixture and a high-renewable generation case incorporating 20 GW of installed solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity. The PCM employs unit commitment and economic dispatch (UC&ED) models to compare financial, environmental, and grid reliability impacts from EV charging across passenger EV adoption levels. In-transit charging could reduce grid operational costs by as much as 1.49%, with up to $13.7B saved in annual vehicle operational costs for consumers compared to gas-powered vehicles. Health impacts analysis from power plant and vehicle tailpipe emissions from this study show net health benefits increase by 40% for in-transit charging coupled with high renewable generation. Renewable resources provide an avenue for cost-effective in-transit charging with reduced emissions. The combination of dataset generation and open-source power system modeling establish a foundation for the holistic evaluation of regional DWPT impacts.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Energy
Volume364
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A40-90367

Keywords

  • dynamic wireless power transfer
  • electric vehicles
  • photovoltaic generation
  • power system simulation
  • roadway electrification
  • wireless electric vehicle charging

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