Presence of Vessels: Effects of Vessel Collision on Marine Life

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


This Educational Research Brief summarizes the potential impact of the presence of vessels on marine mammals and sea turtles, with a focus on vessel collision risk. As this risk is not specific to offshore wind development, a general review of vessel collision risk for marine mammals and sea turtles within the maritime industry was conducted. The brief evaluates the potential risk of vessel collision during all phases of the wind farm lifecycle.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-5000-81984


  • environmental
  • marine life
  • offshore wind
  • vessels


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