Primary Reference Cell Calibrations with Reduced Measurement Uncertainty

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


This paper presents an overview of the improvements made since 2014 to the primary reference cell calibrations performed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Reducing the measurement uncertainty of the calibrations was the primary goal of the improvements, which were used during the recent calibrations conducted in the autumn of 2016. Changes and improvements have been made to the spectral irradiance and short-circuit current measurements, spectral irradiance modeling, and reference cell temperature corrections. Almost 6000 points were collected on 38 reference cells. Analysis of the results demonstrated reductions of expanded uncertainty from +/-1.0-1.2% in previous years down to +/-0.4-0.5% for crystalline-Si reference cells.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2018
Event2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) - Washington, D.C.
Duration: 25 Jun 201730 Jun 2017


Conference2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC)
CityWashington, D.C.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5900-68644


  • calibration
  • measurement uncertainty
  • photovoltaic reference cells
  • primary


Dive into the research topics of 'Primary Reference Cell Calibrations with Reduced Measurement Uncertainty'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this