Production of Chitosan-Based Composite Film Reinforced with Lignin-Rich Lignocellulose Nanofibers From Rice Husk

Hye Kang, Yeon Lee, Jin Lee, Irnia Nurika, Sri Suhartini, Deokyeong Choe, Dong Kim, Hoon Choi, Natasha Murphy, Ho Kim, Young Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lignocellulosic nanofibers (LCNFs), implying lignin-containing cellulose fibers, maintain the properties of both lignin and cellulose, which are hydrophobic and hydrophilic, respectively. The presence of hydrophobic lignin in LCNFs is expected to be an economical and attractive option that can improve the thermal and mechanical properties of polymers. Thus, this study was conducted to produce lignin-rich LCNFs from sugar-rich waste obtained from rice husks after acidic pretreatment. The LCNFs were produced from the lignin-rich solid fractions obtained after pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis, which were then incorporated as an additive into a chitosan-based film. The variations in lignin content in the range of approximately 50.6%-66.8% in differently obtained LCNFs gave significantly different optical strengths and mechanical properties. These controllable processes may allow for customized film formation. Additionally, the glucose-rich liquid fractions obtained after pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis were used as a substrate for ethanol fermentation to achieve total utilization of rice husk biomass waste. In conclusion, the lignin-rich biomass fraction holds promise as a suitable material for chitosan-LCNF film and has the potential to increase the economic feasibility of the biomaterial industry.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)174-184
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Bioresources and Bioproducts
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2800-89759

Keywords

  • chitosan film
  • lignin-based material
  • lignocellulose nanofiber
  • rice husk
  • upcycling

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