Production of Hydrogen from Biomass by Catalytic Steam Reforming of Fast Pyrolysis Oil

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Hydrogen is the prototype of the environmentally cleanest fuel of interest for power generation using fuel cells and for transportation. The thermochemical conversion of biomass to hydrogen can be carried out through two distinct strategies: (a) gasification followed by water-gas shift conversion, and (b) catalytic steam reforming of specific fractions derived from fast pyrolysis andaqueous/steam processes of biomass. This paper presents the latter route that begins with fast pyrolysis of biomass to produce bio-oil. this oil (as a whole or its selected fractions) can be converted to hydrogen via catalytic steam reforming followed by a water-gas shift conversion step. Such a process has been demonstrated at the bench scale using model compounds, poplar oil aqueous fraction,and the whole pyrolysis oil with commercial Ni-based steam reforming catalysts. Hydrogen yields as high as 85% have been obtained. Catalyst initial activity can be recovered through regeneration cycles by steam or CO2 gasification of carbonaceous deposits.
Original languageAmerican English
PagesVol. II: 557-576
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 1998
Event1998 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review - Alexandria, Virginia
Duration: 28 Apr 199830 Apr 1998


Conference1998 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review
CityAlexandria, Virginia

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-570-25668


Dive into the research topics of 'Production of Hydrogen from Biomass by Catalytic Steam Reforming of Fast Pyrolysis Oil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this