Prospects for Engineering Ralstonia eutropha and Zymomonas mobilis for the Autotrophic Production of 2,3-Butanediol from CO2 and H2: Article No. 100074

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Abstract

The decarbonization of the chemical industry and a shift toward circular economies because of high global CO2 emissions make CO2 an attractive feedstock for manufacturing chemicals. Moreover, H2 is a low-cost and carbon-free reductant because technologies such as solar-driven electrolysis and supercritical water (scH2O) gasification enable sustainable production of molecular hydrogen (H2). We review the recent advances in engineering Ralstonia eutropha, the representative species of "Knallgas" bacteria, for utilizing CO2 and H2 to autotrophically produce 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO). This assessment is focused on state-of-the-art approaches for splitting H2 to supply energy in the form of ATP and NADH to power cellular reactions and employing the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle for CO2 fixation. Major challenges and opportunities for application and future perspectives are discussed in the context of developing other promising CO2 and H2-utilizing microorganisms, exemplified by Zymomonas mobilis.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
JournalEngineering Microbiology
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-84854

Keywords

  • butanediol
  • CO2 fixation
  • CO2 sequestration
  • hydrogenase
  • metabolic engineering
  • Ralstonia eutropha
  • Rubisco
  • Zymomonas mobilis

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