Quality Parameters and Chemical Analysis for Biodiesel Produced in the United States in 2011

Teresa Alleman

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Samples of biodiesel (B100) from producers and terminals in 2011were tested for critical properties: free and total glycerin, flash point, cloud point, oxidation stability, cold soak filterability, and metals. Failure rates for cold soak filterability and oxidation stability were below 5%. One sample failed flash point due to excess methanol. One sample failed oxidation stability and metalcontent. Overall, 95% of the samples from this survey met biodiesel quality specification ASTM D6751. In 2007, a sampling of B100 from production facilities showed that nearly 90% met D6751. In samples meeting D6751, calcium was found above the method detection limit in nearly half the samples. Feedstock analysis revealed half the biodiesel was produced from soy and half was from mixedfeedstocks. The saturated fatty acid methyl ester concentration of the B100 was compared to the saturated monoglyceride concentration as a percent of total monoglyceride. The real-world correlation of these properties was very good. The results of liquid chromatograph measurement of monoglycerides were compared to ASTM D6751. Agreement between the two methods was good, particularly for totalmonoglycerides and unsaturated monoglycerides. Because only very low levels of saturated monoglycerides measured, the two methods had more variability, but the correlation was still acceptable.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages35
StatePublished - 2013

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-57662


  • B100
  • biodiesel
  • D6751
  • quality


Dive into the research topics of 'Quality Parameters and Chemical Analysis for Biodiesel Produced in the United States in 2011'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this