Quantifying and Understanding the Access Time to Dockless Micromobility: A Case Study in Washington, D.C.

Research output: NRELPoster


Micromobility has been widely deployed in many cities. Similar as how access time/distance affects the travel demand to use public transit and informs transit system design, access time/distance to micromobility service measures its service efficiency and also serves as an equity indicator to inform city agencies from a regulation perspective. Though there is an increasing need to understand it, access to micromobility has not been sufficiently studied. This paper developed a framework to quantity the access time to dockless micromobility service (i.e., the minimum time needed to walk to reach the closest dockless micromobility vehicles). Based on the real-time vehicle location data collected from Washington, DC, this research quantified the access time to dockless micromobility, analyzed its spatial and temporal variation patterns and investigated its relationship with socio-demographic variables (i.e., population density, employment density and low-income population). The results revealed that the access time to dockless micromobility ranges between 0 to 4 minutes with the most frequently observed range of 0.5 to 1 minutes, and the city center area tends to have shorter access time than the outskirts areas. Results also indicate a quite stable access time level in DC with access time standard deviation of 0.2 to 0.5 minutes. After correlating the access time at census-block-group level with socio-demographic data, it was discovered that shorter access time usually aligns with larger population and employment density, and the proportion of low-income population was found not helpful with explaining the access time variation, which indicating a relatively equitable micromobility program.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePresented at the Transportation Research Board (TRB) 102nd Annual Meeting, 8-12 January 2023, Washington, D.C.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-5400-84890


  • access time
  • dockless micromobility
  • equity
  • micromobility


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