Quantifying the Impact of Operating Temperature on Cracking in Battery Electrodes, Using Super-Resolution of Microscopy Images and Stereology: Article No. 103036

Orkun Furat, Donal Finegan, Zhenzhen Yang, Matthias Neumann, Sangwook Kim, Tanvir Tanim, Peter Weddle, Kandler Smith, Volker Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

There are numerous factors that can have an impact on the degradation behavior of batteries, such as the number of recharge cycles or the charge rate. Here, we investigate the influence of operating temperature on the structural degradation of the microstructure in lithium-ion positive electrodes. For that purpose, the microstructure is characterized for cathodes which have been cycled for 200 cycles under 6C (10-minute) charging at different operating temperatures, namely, 20 degrees C, 30 degrees C, 40 degrees C, and 50 degrees C. For each operating condition scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of cross-sectioned LixNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2 (NMC532) electrodes have been analyzed, to determine structural descriptors such as global particle porosity, crack size/length/width distribution, and porosity and specific surface area distribution of individual particles. Additionally, a stereological method has been deployed to investigate the local particle porosity as a function of distance to the particle center. Results show that particle porosity increases with increasing cycling temperature. Particle porosity is greatest at the particle center and decreases along the particle radius to the exterior. Particle surface area is similar across the four cycling-temperature aging conditions.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy Storage Materials
Volume64
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5700-87220

Keywords

  • crack evolution
  • lithium-ion battery
  • operating temperature
  • statistical image analysis
  • super-resolution

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