Quantitative Adhesion Characterization of Antireflective Coatings in Multijunction Photovoltaics

David Miller, Ryan Brock, Raunaq Rewari, Fernando D.Novoa, Peter Hebert, James Ermer, Reinhold Dauskardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus Citations


We discuss the development of a new composite dual cantilever beam (cDCB) thin-film adhesion testing method, which enables the quantitative measurement of adhesion on the thin and fragile substrates used in multijunction photovoltaics. In particular, we address the adhesion of several 2- and 3-layer antireflective coating systems on multijunction cells. By varying interface chemistry and morphology through processing, we demonstrate the marked effects on adhesion and help to develop an understanding of how high adhesion can be achieved, as adhesion values ranging from 0.5 J/m2 to 10 J/m2 were measured. Damp heat (85 °C/85% RH) was used to invoke degradation of interfacial adhesion. We demonstrate that even with germanium substrates that fracture relatively easily, quantitative measurements of adhesion can be made at high test yield. The cDCB test is discussed as an important new methodology, which can be broadly applied to any system that makes use of thin, brittle, or otherwise fragile substrates.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)78-83
Number of pages6
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5J00-66788


  • Adhesion
  • Antireflective
  • Delamination
  • Multijunction
  • Photovoltaic
  • Reliability


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