Quantitative Study on the Chemical Solution Deposition of Zinc Oxysulfide

Kenneth Steirer, Craig Perkins, Michael Reinisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus Citations


Zinc Oxysulfide (ZnOS) has demonstrated potential in the last decade to replace CdS as a buffer layer material since it is a wideband-gap semiconductor with performance advantages over CdS (Eg = 2.4 eV) in the near UV-range for solar energy conversion. However, questions remain on the growth mechanisms of chemical bath deposited ZnOS. In this study, a detailed model is employed to calculate solubility diagrams that describe simple conditions for complex speciation control using only ammonium hydroxide without additional base. For these conditions, ZnOS is deposited via aqueous solution deposition on a quartz crystal microbalance in a continuous flow cell. Data is used to analyze the growth rate dependence on temperature and also to elucidate the effects of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) when used as a co-solvent. Activation energies (EA) of ZnOS are calculated for different flow rates and solution compositions. The measured EA relationships are affected by changes in the primary growth mechanism when DMSO is included.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)P58-P66
JournalECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2015. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-64980


  • ammonium hydroxide
  • buffer layer
  • CBD
  • chemical solution deposition
  • QCM
  • speciation distribution diagram


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantitative Study on the Chemical Solution Deposition of Zinc Oxysulfide'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this