Quantitative Trait Loci for Cell Wall Composition Traits Measured Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in the Model C4 Perennial Grass Panicum hallii

Courtney Payne, Edward Wolfrum, Elizabeth Milano, John Lovell, Jerry Jenkins, Jeremy Schmutz, Thomas Juenger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Background: Biofuels derived from lignocellulosic plant material are an important component of current renewable energy strategies. Improvement efforts in biofuel feedstock crops have been primarily focused on increasing biomass yield with less consideration for tissue quality or composition. Four primary components found in the plant cell wall contribute to the overall quality of plant tissue and conversion characteristics, cellulose and hemicellulose polysaccharides are the primary targets for fuel conversion, while lignin and ash provide structure and defense. We explore the genetic architecture of tissue characteristics using a quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping approach in Panicum hallii, a model lignocellulosic grass system. Diversity in the mapping population was generated by crossing xeric and mesic varietals, comparative to northern upland and southern lowland ecotypes in switchgrass. We use near-infrared spectroscopy with a primary analytical method to create a P. hallii specific calibration model to quickly quantify cell wall components. Results: Ash, lignin, glucan, and xylan comprise 68% of total dry biomass in P. hallii: comparable to other feedstocks. We identified 14 QTL and one epistatic interaction across these four cell wall traits and found almost half of the QTL to localize to a single linkage group. Conclusions: Panicum hallii serves as the genomic model for its close relative and emerging biofuel crop, switchgrass (P. virgatum). We used high throughput phenotyping to map genomic regions that impact natural variation in leaf tissue composition. Understanding the genetic architecture of tissue traits in a tractable model grass system will lead to a better understanding of cell wall structure as well as provide genomic resources for bioenergy crop breeding programs.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number25
Number of pages11
JournalBiotechnology for Biofuels
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author(s).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-71057

Keywords

  • Bioenergy feedstock
  • Cell wall composition
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • NIRS
  • Panicum hallii
  • QTL

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