"A" is for Ammonia: Why and How Fertilizer May Power the Planet

Research output: NRELPresentation


Ammonia (chemical formula NH3) is so pervasive in our history that human beings simply wouldn't exist without it: 4 billion people on this planet are fed by food grown using ammonia fertilizer, but this powerful molecule consumes nearly 2% of the world's energy supply to be produced at an industrial scale. This talk will first explore the energy challenges of ammonia's current means of industrial production, followed by a new vision for its synthesis using only renewable electricity, air and water, and opportunities to use ammonia as a hydrogen source. Fertilizer may one day fuel more than just our mouths.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePresented at the Switch at eTown Event, 7 December 2023, Boulder, Colorado

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-88060


  • ammonia
  • electrochemistry
  • energy systems integration
  • fertilizer
  • Haber-Bosch
  • hydrogen
  • hydrogen carrier
  • industrial decarbonization
  • thermodynamics
  • transportation decarbonization


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