Rapid Analysis of the Chemical Composition of Agricultural Fibers Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy and Pyrolysis Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometry

Stephen S. Kelley, Roger M. Rowell, Mark Davis, Cheryl K. Jurich, Rebecca Ibach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus Citations

Abstract

The chemical composition of a variety of agricultural biomass samples was analyzed with near infrared spectroscopy and pyrolysis molecular beam mass spectroscopy. These samples were selected from a wide array of agricultural residue samples and included residues that had been subjected to a variety of different treatments including solvent extractions and chemical modifications. This analysis showed that both spectroscopic tools, coupled with multivariate analytical techniques, could be used to differentiate the samples and accurately predict the chemical composition of this disparate set of agricultural biomass samples.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)77-88
Number of pages12
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-510-36460

Keywords

  • Near infrared spectroscopy
  • Pyrolysis-molecular beam mass spectrometry
  • Rapid chemical analysis

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