Rapid Biomass Analysis: New Tools for Compositional Analysis of Corn Stover Feedstocks and Process Intermediates from Ethanol Production

Bonnie R. Hames, Steven R. Thomas, Amie D. Sluiter, Christine J. Roth, David W. Templeton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus Citations

Abstract

New, rapid, and inexpensive methods that monitor the chemical composition of corn stover and corn stover-derived samples are a key element to enabling the commercialization of processes that convert stover to fuels and chemicals. These new techniques combine near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and projection to latent structures (PLS) multivariate analysis to allow the compositional analysis of hundreds of samples in 1 d at a cost of about $10 each. The new NIR/PLS rapid analysis methods can also be used to support a variety of research projects that would have been too costly to pursue by traditional methods.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)5-16
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology
Volume105
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003

Bibliographical note

Posted with permission

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-510-32332

Keywords

  • Corn stover
  • Feedstock
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Near infrared spectroscopy
  • Projection to latent structures

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