Rapid Electrochemical Diagnosis of Battery Health and Safety from Cells to Modules

Research output: NRELPresentation


Rapid electrochemical diagnosis of battery health and failure is critical for ensuring reliable battery performance and battery safety. Traditional battery health diagnostics such as capacity measurements and DC pulse tests are reliable and well-understood, however, these measurements of battery capacity and resistance do not capture all aspects of battery degradation. Other aspects of degradation, such as electrolyte decomposition, lithium-plating, and particle cracking are difficult to detect electrochemically but are crucial to measure to get a full picture of battery safety and flag out potential failures. In this work, lab- and field-aged commercial lithium-ion batteries and modules of various chemistries and formats are tested using a variety of traditional electrochemical characterization methods as well as using 2-minute pseudo-random DC pulse sequences at rest and during charge/discharge. The electrochemical measurements are compared to physical cell measurements, cell efficiency, drive cycle performance, physical and thermal heterogeneity, and qualitative safety metrics using statistical and machine-learning methods to discover if a comprehensive "battery health map" can be accurately identified using only rapid DC measurements.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages23
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePresented at the 244th Electrochemical Society (ECS) Meeting, 8-12 October 2023, Gothenburg, Sweden

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5700-87741


  • battery
  • degradation
  • diagnostics
  • health
  • machine-learning


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