Rapid Open-Air Processing of Low-Cost Perovskite Solar Modules

Nick Rolston, William Scheideler, Austin Flick, Justin Chen, Hannah Elmaraghi, Andrew Sleugh, Oliver Zhao, Michael Woodhouse, Reinhold Dauskardt

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations


We report an industrially relevant approach to both scalable and fast open-air perovskite photovoltaic (PV) module production. This work resolves some of the most formidable barriers to module-level scaling that the perovskite community has been facing. Key advances include scalable large-area spray deposition, new monolithic integration scribing techniques, advanced photoluminescence characterization, and reproducible high-throughput manufacturability. Our rapid spray processing techniques enabled the highest perovskite PV efficiency produced in open-air. Innovations in scribing techniques enabled the first single-source laser process to achieve perovskite module monolithic integration and technoeconomic analysis led to a comprehensive cost model for perovskite module manufacturing. We report significant progress in reducing perovskite manufacturing costs necessary to potentially compete with incumbent Si-based PV for utility-scale power generation.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2021
Event48th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2021 - Fort Lauderdale, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 202125 Jun 2021


Conference48th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityFort Lauderdale

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-7A40-80379


  • cost modeling
  • perovskite solar cell
  • scalable
  • spray coating
  • stability


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