Raptor Monitoring and Minimization Technologies

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


In June 2023, the International Energy Agency Wind Task 34 - Working Together to Resolve the Environmental Effects of Wind Energy (WREN) - organized a forum to discuss monitoring and minimization strategies used to study raptor interactions with wind energy facilities. The forum included experts in raptor movement and behavior, minimization measures, technology validation, and wind energy development from four countries. The experts represented a range of international stakeholder groups including private industry, financial institutions, government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and wildlife consultants. This educational brief summarizes the discussion during the forum and written comments from additional participants who could not attend the live event. Relevant literature was used to provide additional context when needed.
Original languageAmerican English
PublisherNational Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-5000-87399


  • minimization
  • monitoring
  • raptor
  • wildlife


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