Re-Additization of Commercial Biodiesel Blends During Long-Term Storage

Earl Christensen, Teresa Alleman, Robert McCormick

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Commercial biodiesel blends representative of the U.S. market were aged following procedure ASTM D4625, Standard Test Method for Middle Distillate Fuel Storage Stability at 43°C (110°F), with periodic monitoring of fuel properties indicative of oxidation. The oxidation stability—or oxidation reserve expressed as Rancimat induction period (IP)—gradually decreased from its initial value, as expected. At a predetermined IP threshold, an antioxidant was used to restore IP to the ASTM D7467 specification minimum of 6 six hours, referred to as re-additization. At lower IP values, the amount of antioxidant required increased significantly, and the effectiveness tended to be reduced. Once IP fell to essentially zero, the acid content increased to above the allowable limit. Insoluble material was detectable after the acid number increased out of specification. Storage life was increased with re-additization relative to the as-received fuels, as evidenced by longer time to produce acids. Experience in the field may vary based on storage conditions; however, these results indicate re-additization can significantly increase the storage life of biodiesel blends when used with regular monitoring of IP and acid number. An assessment of property changes during long-term storage showed the initial IP did not predict storage behavior, although fuels above the specification minimum remained stable for greater than 12 weeks of D4625 accelerated aging (1 one year simulated).
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages35
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5100-75895


  • antioxidant
  • biodiesel
  • fuel
  • long-term storage
  • oxidation stability
  • storage stability


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