Real-Time Data and Simulation for Optimizing Regional Mobility in the United States

Jibonananda Sanyal, Wesley Jones

Research output: NRELManagement

Abstract

Highway congestion wastes over 3 billion gallons of fuel each year and causes 7 billion hours of lost productivity. Highway congestion costs freight movers ~$63 billion dollars per year, ranging from $5600-30,000 per truck (and is increasing). Research has shown the ability to introduce near-real time traffic monitoring and adaptive signal control (including small numbers of connected vehicles) can yield up to 30%reduction in congestion. Deploying this approach at a regional scale, that has high-volume and transient traffic, extreme data volumes, and potentially 100,000 vehicles, sensors, and control devices requires High Performance Computing (HPC). We created a ‘Digital Twin’ of the Chattanooga region with simultaneous pairing of both the virtual and physical world providing real-time situational awareness. This Digital Twin will be the basis of a cyber physical control system with high-speed bidirectional communication and control of the highway infrastructure and connected vehicles in the ecosystem to achieve a 20% energy savings in a region. If successful, the results of this project could be replicated region-by-region to commercialize the approach across the entire U.S., so that over the next 10 years, this project accelerates a reliable intelligent mobility system implementation to reduce overall mobility-related energy consumption by 20% and recover $100 Billion of lost productivity in congestion. The availability of real-time data from vehicles and the deployment of supporting infrastructure such as high-speed fiber networks has opened up an unprecedented opportunity to bring together high-performance computing, advanced mobility simulations, and existing transportation expertise to create a platform that could have a decadal impact in transforming regional mobility in the United States. We propose to optimize the movement of both people and freight in and around Chattanooga, TN, a representative urban/suburban region, by leveraging high performance computing, data analytics, and machine learning. Near real-time insights provided by the integration of data from emerging mobility technologies and services can inform all phases of strategic planning, design, operation, modernization, and decommissioning of ageing/legacy systems. Lessons learned and capabilities developed and deployed for regional mobility can be applied to optimize mobility nationally deploying region-by-region.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

See the Vehicle Technologies Office Energy Efficient Mobility Systems 2019 Annual Progress Report at https://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2020/06/f76/VTO_2019_APR_EEMS_COMPILED_REPORT_FINAL_compliant_.pdf

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/MP-2C00-78659

Keywords

  • mobility
  • regional mobility

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