Real-Time Series Resistance Monitoring in PV Systems Without the Need for I-V Curves

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13 Scopus Citations


We apply the physical principles of a familiar method, suns-Voc, to a new application: the real-time detection of series resistance changes in modules and systems operating outside. The real-time series resistance (RTSR) method that we describe avoids the need for collecting I-V curves or constructing full series-resistance-free I-V curves. RTSR is most readily deployable at the module level on microinverters or module-integrated electronics, but it can also be extended to full strings. Automated detection of series resistance increases can provide early warnings of some of the most common reliability issues, which also pose fire risks, including broken ribbons, broken solder bonds, and contact problems in the junction or combiner box. We describe the method in detail and describe a sample application to data collected from modules operating in the field.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number7286731
Pages (from-to)1706-1709
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2011-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5J00-64382


  • Monitoring
  • photovoltaic
  • reliability
  • series resistance


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