Realizing "Net-Zero-Carbon" Sustainable Aviation Fuel

Derek Vardon, Bryan Sherbacow, Kaiyu Guan, Joshua Heyne, Zia Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aviation industry needs renewable and fungible jet fuel - commonly referred to as sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) - to minimize emissions and increase efficiencies. SAF can displace the same, if not more, CO2 equivalent emissions (CO2eq), reduce contrail formation, and increase engine-aircraft efficiencies. Flight represents ~10% of transportation greenhouse gas emissions, with the global consumption of ~400 billion liters of fossil jet fuel in 2019 releasing over 900 million tons of CO2eq. Even with impacts from the COVID-19 global pandemic, the aviation sector is projected to grow with passenger miles expected to double by 2050, relative to 2010. As such, there is an urgent need to produce drop-in aviation fuel from renewables with a dramatically lower carbon footprint.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)16-21
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2A00-81705


  • biojet
  • carbon intensity
  • decarbonization
  • jet fuel


Dive into the research topics of 'Realizing "Net-Zero-Carbon" Sustainable Aviation Fuel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this