Recent Progress in Nanoelectrical Characterizations of CdTe and Cu(In,Ga)Se2

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11 Scopus Citations


We report two recent nanoelectrical characterizations of CdTe and Cu(In, Ga)Se2 (CIGS) thin-film solar cells by developing atomic force microscopy-based nanoelectrical probes. Charges trapped at defects at the CdS/CdTe interface were probed by Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) potential mapping and by ion-milling the CdTe superstrate device in a bevel glancing angle of ∼0.5o. The results show randomly distributed donor-like defects at the interface. The effect of K post-deposition treatment on the near-surface region of the CIGS film was studied by KPFM potential and scanning spreading resistance microscopy (SSRM) resistivity mapping, which shows passivation of grain-boundary potential and improvement of resistivity uniformity by the K treatment.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 18 Nov 2016
Event43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2016 - Portland, United States
Duration: 5 Jun 201610 Jun 2016


Conference43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5K00-65747


  • atomic force microscopy
  • CdTe
  • CIGS
  • Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM)
  • nanoelectrical probe
  • scanning spreading resistance microscopy (SSRM)


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