Reduced-Order Parameterized Short-Circuit Current Model of Inverter-Interfaced Distributed Generators

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20 Scopus Citations


The short-circuit response of inverter-interfaced distributed generators (IIDGs) is not adequately represented in many conventional protection studies. This paper presents an in-depth analysis of IIDG behavior during grid faults and proposes a more accurate reduced-order parameterized short-circuit current (RPSC) model of inverters. Typical inverter components are thoroughly investigated to identify those that play dominant roles during faults. The paper shows that the current limiter is the dominant factor for the steady-state fault-current of inverter; while the inverter filter along with the severity of the voltage disturbance largely determine the initial transient spike of inverter fault current. The proposed model is low-order and can be used in large scale simulations. The parameters of the proposed RPSC model can be extracted from laboratory experiments without requiring proprietary manufacturer information. The proposed fault-current model is analogous to the well-known synchronous machine model that segregates the inverter fault current into subtransient, transient, and steady-state fault currents. Experimental and simulation tests are presented to validate the model.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3671-3680
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1986-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-74811


  • Fault analysis
  • fault model
  • IEEE 1547
  • inverter
  • inverter-interfaced distributed generators


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