Refrigerants: Market Trends and Supply Chain Assessment

Charles Booten, Scott Nicholson, Margaret Mann, Omar Abdelaziz

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


NREL, in partnership with ORNL, under the Clean Energy Manufacturing Analysis Center (CEMAC umbrella, assessed the current state of existing and low-GWP refrigerants for major end-use applications, including HVAC and those outside of the HVAC industry. The project incorporated a market overview, and supply chain assessment to determine the production, distribution, consumption, costs, and potential operating efficiency impacts of new and alternative refrigerants entering the market. Market trends and ongoing research are also documented. This work supplements other DOE efforts to support research activities on refrigerants and their applications including a refrigerant R&D roadmap and outlook into global air conditioning markets (Goetzler et al. 2014, 2016).
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages79
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5500-70207


  • buildings
  • Clean Energy Manufacturing Analysis Center
  • HVAC
  • manufacturing


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